At Tanoti House, every process in producing handwoven fabrics is done the purist way – by hand and in accordance to tradition, handed down from generation to generation.

Textile Patterning

Designs are translated by hand from paper to graph. Each square on the graph with relate to a corresponding pixel on the weaved fabric

Yarn Dyeing

Natural fibres such as silk, cotton and forest fibres are dyed using Oeko-Tex certified Remazol reactive dyes to achieve desired colours and shades. The yarns are then go through fixation and washing process to ensure good colourfastness.

Winding the Threads

The dyed yarns are unwound on the spindle and wound again onto bobbins. The threads on these bobbins will later be used for the warps and weft processes


Threads are warped on the warping frame. These threads shall be arranged lengthwise on a loom, becoming the base of the eventual woven fabric.

Winding the Threads onto the Warp Board

The warp threads are wound onto a warp board. This process requires several of our weavers to participate, to ensure that there is consistent tension on the warp threads.

Connecting the threads

The warp threads now need to be connected to the loom and the weavers will pass them through the heddles and connect them thread by thread.

Setting out the Patterns on the Warp

The artisan will transfer her patterns onto the warp using bamboo slits, in preparation of the next process of weaving the supplementary weft or songket patterns.


The weaving process involves the weaving of weft threads onto the warp threads. In songket weaving, the weaver must undertake precise counting to weave the supplementary weft patterns onto the fabric.

The general techniques which are being adopted by Tanoti

Plain Weave

Supplementary Weft (Songket) Weaving

Split Warp

Tapestry Weaving